2nd edition. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The water is then ready to be chlorinated or treated in another way. Rock dwellers can also be found around the many islands and reefs; Lake Victoria has over 3,000 islands. its a huge lake it is covering 3 countries Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda and giving them more than enough supply of fish "tilapia, Must visit in Uganda is Lake Victoria .  Some of the threatened Lake Victoria cichlid species have captive "insurance" populations in zoos, public aquaria and among private aquarists, and a few species are extinct in the wild (only survive in captivity). Lake Victoria (Luo: Nam Lolwe; Luganda: 'Nnalubaale; also Ukerewe) is one of the African Great Lakes. Uganda has 45 percent of Lake Victoria, while Kenya earns only 6 percent. It’s shared by the three east African countries of Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Understandably so, Lake Victoria Africa attracts visitors, be they locals who come to fish the waters, or tourists hoping to enjoy the beautiful landscape. Source of world's longest river … Interesting Facts about Lake Victoria 6: the division of Lake Victoria. By 2006, the water levels in Lake Victoria had reached an 80-year low, and Daniel Kull, an independent hydrologist living in Nairobi, Kenya, calculated that Uganda was releasing about twice as much water as is allowed under the agreement, and was primarily responsible for recent drops in the lake's level. The lake’s southwestern coast is backed by precipices 300 feet (90 metres) high, which give way on the western coast to papyrus and ambatch swamps marking the delta of the Kagera River. The Land, the Races and their Customs, with Specimens of Some of the Dialects", "How feud wrecked the reputation of explorer who discovered Nile's source", "Origin of the Superflock of Cichlid Fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa", "Deoxygenation of the deep water of Lake Victoria, East Africa", Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung für Limnologie, "Environmental and Social Management Framework-ESMF", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T60668A97125826.en, "Ancient hybridization fuels rapid cichlid fish adaptive radiations", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T185857A8492470.en, "Prevalence of disruptive selection predicts extent of species differentiation in Lake Victoria cichlids", "Two new species of zooplanktivorous haplochromine cichlids from Lake Victoria, Tanzania", "A pharyngeal jaw evolutionary innovation facilitated extinction in Lake Victoria cichlids". The Victoria Nyanza and Its Fisheries: A Report on the Fish Survey of Lake Victoria 1927–1928 and Appendices. Kenya has 6% of the lake, Uganda has 45% and Tanzania has the largest share with 49%.  Initially the population of the Nile perch was relatively low, but a drastic increase happened, peaking in the 1980s, followed by a decline starting in the 1990s..  The invasive weed was first attempted to be controlled by hand, removed manually from the lake; however, re-growth occurred quickly. Uganda General Information Map of Uganda Kampala Kibale National Park Queen Elizabeth National Park Murchison Falls National Park Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Coinciding anti-racist protests sweeping the world, the clamor is growing in Africa to rename Lake Victoria which lies in Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. The only outflow for Lake Victoria is at Jinja, Uganda, where it forms the Victoria Nile.  There is little doubt that Haplochromis played an important role in returning detritus and plankton back into solution.  Initially it was feared that this number was even higher, by some estimates 65 percent of the total species, but several species that were feared extinct have been rediscovered after the Nile perch started to decline in the 1990s. LAKE VICTORIA, February 29, 2016 – When an English explorer stumbled upon Lake Victoria in the middle of the 19 th century, the lake’s 38,000 mile-long shoreline was pristine - broken by small, shallow bays, inlets and wetlands. Source of. The Lake Victoria region is one of the most densely populated in Africa; within 50 miles (80 km) of its shores live several million people, nearly all Bantu-speaking. Log in.  These drying cycles are probably related to past ice ages, which were times when precipitation declined globally. Burton, who had been recovering from illness at the time and resting further south on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, was outraged that Speke claimed to have proved his discovery to have been the true source of the Nile River, which Burton regarded as still unsettled. The project is in line with the Protocol for Sustainable Development of Lake Victoria Basin; Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) Strategic Plan 2011 – 2016; the participating countries CSPs; and the Bank’s RISP for East Africa. Ochiel, G.S., A.M. Mailu, W. Gitonga and S.W. ESKOM started spilling water from Lake Victoria to River Nile due to rising levels. Lake Victoria is a destination for a number of tourist activities in the countries where it is shared. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). leucostictus). Lake Victoria is a huge lake in Eastern Africa - it's so big that it stretches over parts of three different countries. The Lake Victoria basin, while generally rural, has many major centres of population. The Origins of the Nile Perch in Lake Victoria. Lake Victoria water resources management challenges and prospects: a need for equitable and sustainable institutional and regulatory frameworks. Mv Umoja Sese archipelago, some of them of striking beauty small streams offers... Points to lake Victoria the explorer John Hanning Speke, in his reports—the first Briton document. Is shared by Kenya, Uganda, on the western side of Africa 's largest lake country and brief... Is exceeded in size only by lake Superior in North America, Uganda a. Is 210 miles ( 3,220 km ). [ 58 ] [ 72 ] it is about big! To rising levels Uganda access points to lake Victoria receives its water from lake Victoria from Uganda Kampala... Secluded clusters of islands, known as the Nile River their water lake victoria countries, for farming and other environmental could. 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