Interestingly, the Soviet Union did not support the left-wing factions, some of whom identified as Communist. To the surprise of nobody, the Athenians ostracized Cimon shortly after that embarrassment. Greece had been under a far-right military rule, known as the Junta, for over six years by that point. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). The total land area of Athens is 159 square miles (412 square kilometres)…. Giant Gorges This claim of deviancy was denied by everyone who’d known Grigoropoulos, and only fueled the riots. The Peloponnesian War resulted in the defeat of Athens by Sparta and its allies—helped in part by Persian finance. Athena or Athene, often given the epithet Pallas, is an ancient Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. The municipality of Athens has an … Athens’ population was 3,052,000 in 2015…. But is the city just resting on its laurels or is there more to Athens? Despite the horror which came out of the invasion of Greece in World War II, one story of heroism which emerged was that of the Greek soldier known as Konstantinos Koukidis. 41. In the 1970s, the air pollution in and around Athens was so bad that it was doing great damage to the ancient ruins of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The theory was that with the British involvement, the USSR benefitted from doing nothing. Pretty on the nose, all things considered. The most important cities in ancient Greek were Sparta and Athens. "Thucydides' Description of the Great Plague at Athens." Allegedly, Koukidis was ordered by the Germans to take the Greek flag down, hand it over, and raise the Nazi flag in its place. Over one million were forcibly removed and sent in either direction. They hoped to one-up the Temple of Artemis, another Wonder. Amid everything else going on, the shooting death of Alexandros Grigoropoulos pushed everyone over the edge. These two 19-year-olds, as one would expect of any decent human being, were sickened at the sight of the Nazi flag flying over the Acropolis. After the Second World War, you’d think that the Greeks would have had enough of bloodshed and misery. Athens was at the centre of an area known as Attica. This beautiful city has been incessantly habited for more than 3,000 years. In fact, the city’s population fell dramatically during the centuries as people moved elsewhere. Although Catherine's successor Queen Anne Boleyn suffered an infamously dark fate, Aragon's own life was somehow even more tragic. Greece, Athens, Tour, Taxi, GreekTours. No doubt they were screaming with frustration when the Ottoman Empire came knocking in the 14th century AD. One reason for the lower ratio of deaths in Athens was because the Jewish population had integrated so well amongst the Orthodox Christians that outsiders found it very difficult to locate them. One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. Ten years later, the Athenians rebelled and exiled the tyrants and ceased all work on the project, leaving it unfinished for over 300 years. By the time that Greece was finally liberated, Athens had a population which was small enough to cluster in about 400 houses around the Acropolis! Although the first Olympic Games ever held were located in Olympia in 776 BC, the first “modern” Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. P. Martinich. D.L. She and the god of the ocean, Poseidon, had a rivalry over who would become the patron of this new city. While the killing of Alexandros Grigoropoulos had sparked the riots into gear, they came to embody all the resentments and anger of the Greek populace at the time. In this day and age, we just call them the “sane.” Wikipedia. German occupation of Greece was focused on the area around Athens, and they made sure everyone knew it by flying the Nazi flag over the Acropolis—definitely a low point for that monument. As a result, the Thirty Tyrants’ rule lasted a mere eight months before they were forced to abandon ship—an apt metaphor for Athens, we think. ft. Get home facts, home value, real estate property … Then in 86 BC, the Roman leader Lucius Cornelius Sulla raided Athens and stole a bunch of the columns off the half-finished building site for his own vanity projects back in Rome. Giant Gorges . Athens is the most populated region of Greece, with a population of around 4,591,568 people in 2011. At one point in history, the city of Athens was the proud owner of the Temple of Zeus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Ironically, their ruthless measures to stomp out resistance only confirmed to the city of Athens that they needed to be overthrown. 2. Either EAM-ELAS would win and become Soviet allies, or else the British involvement in their defeat would be good for propaganda. Sorry, tourists. Athens is one of the oldest cities of the world. Our editors are instructed to fact check thoroughly, including finding at least three references for each fact. They finally returned to Athens in 2004. They Say of the Acropolis Where the Parthenon Is… One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. The city hosted the final game of the Euroleague three times during the 1980s and 1990s. Once the Nazis were removed from power, fighting broke out in Athens between the powerful left-wing resistance group known as the EAM-ELAS and the Greek government, not to mention various groups of right-wing resistance fighters who were backed by the British army. Please reach out to us to let us know what you’re interested in reading. Athens could scarcely have a day go by without a clash or riot breaking out somewhere, and things took an especially dark turn when the police shot and killed 15-year-old Michalis Kaltezas. Your suggestions can be as general or specific as you like, from “Life” to “Compact Cars and Trucks” to “A Subspecies of Capybara Called Hydrochoerus Isthmius.” We’ll get our writers on it because we want to create articles on the topics you’re interested in. By the time that Greece was finally liberated, Athens had a population which was small enough to cluster in about 400 houses around the Acropolis! One of the biggest—and most celebrated—demonstrations in modern Greek history occurred at the Athens Polytechnic University in November 1973. 42 Seriously Weird Facts About Ancient Greek Philosophers. After the Turks drove the Greek army and their allies out of Asia Minor, there was a massive population exchange. As a result of these shady practices during the construction of the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, an official death toll of 14 workers was released to the public. However, according to a source which the BBC spoke with, that number was too low to be accurate. There's something about the family structure that encourages secrets. Fact 38: Medusa used to be a priestess to the goddess Athena. The name of the property was changed to the “Ridges” and in 2001 renovation work was completed on the main building, which is … The city is home to a total of 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes. 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